The chief duty of society is justice. – Alexander Hamilton
It is obvious that our modern society is suffering from many and harmful conflicts. From trivial misunderstandings to major ones, it is undeniable that we are surrounded by much disputes and clashes. A lot of these issues revolve around us and our rights as individuals.
Our society is in charge of making the decision about what situations are considered as crime and are grave enough to be carried out not just by an individual but by the State acting on behalf of the public. Hence, criminal justice, as a social regulatory set, operates within a society to accomplish the following purposes:
• To cultivate order
Criminal law aims to predict upcoming disorder and strife. It lets the people know what to expect from others through law enforcement and initiatives. Without criminal justice and law enforcement, chaos will be definite.
• To negotiate disputes
The criminal justice ought to make it achievable to resolve conflicts and clashes between quarreling citizens/ parties. It must provide a peaceful, orderly method of handling grievances. They should serve as “arbitrators”, effectively resolving a dispute in a reasonably fair and efficient manner; if possible, without the enormous costs of armed confrontation.
• To protect an individual and his/ her property
A crime is defined as human actions that go against criminal law and is punishable with fines, jail terms, and/or other negative sanctions. Criminal law and enforcement must aim to protect citizens from criminals who desire to inflict pain or physical harm on others just to acquire what’s not rightfully theirs. With this, many criminal laws intend to punish those who steal.
• To safeguard civil liberties
Civil wrongs are typically treated as private matters in the sense that it is for the victim to investigate what happened, to identify the alleged wrongdoer, and to bring a case against him. The criminal law should aim to protect individual rights and provide the institutions (the courts, arbitration panels) through which the given case may be brought.
• To provide a smooth functioning society
Criminal law ought to encourage the government to collect taxes, control pollution, and accomplish other socially beneficial tasks. The primary interests of sociologists and criminologists alike is not questions on how crime and criminals can be best controlled and punished, but rather, social control as a social product. Through this, criminal law can best apply its goal of providing a smooth functioning society.
Given the aforementioned purposes, Criminal Justice Guide serves as a forum of discussion for essential, current issues under the criminal law and procedure, legislative initiatives and policy changes. Our goal is to provide our readers with timely initiatives, policies, current cases, announcements, social news, and prevention and safety tips that are relevant in today’s time. We would be glad to be able to encourage creative law reforms and to contribute to a fair and ethical criminal process.
As individuals, we need to feel secured going about our daily errands without expecting crime at every turn. What it takes is an aggressive and innovating system with outstanding people working in the Executive, Legislative, and Judicial branches as well as a society of people determined enough to observe the laws truthfully and improve our present world.
With this, we encourage our reader’s active participation and involvement.
Because even as individuals, our chief duty — is justice.
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